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琬点聊丨对话 Dora Factory 生态系统负责人 Steve Ngok:波卡之DAO: 开放的链上治理基础设施

本期AMA是琬点聊的第39期,主题是【波卡之DAO: 开放的链上治理基础设施】,本次我们邀请到的嘉宾是来自 Dora Factory 生态系统负责人 Steve Ngok。 …

琬点聊丨对话 Dora Factory 生态系统负责人 Steve Ngok:波卡之DAO: 开放的链上治理基础设施

「琬点聊」是Blocklike 推出的AMA直播活动,定期邀请热门交易所、最具潜力项目方、热点话题的相关创始人及 KOL 做客直播间,先后邀请到币安联合创始人兼CMO 何一、波场创始人孙宇晨、BitMax 联合创始人兼 CEO 曹晶、宝二爷郭宏才等 30 多位重量级嘉宾。

 

「琬点聊」每期直播均会有超过 40 家区块链媒体进行联合宣发,30 个以上社群同步转播,曝光覆盖 10 万人次以上。直播精华内容会被整理成素材,在 Blocklike 及其他 8-10 家媒体平台上传播嘉宾观点。

 

本期AMA是琬点聊的第39期,主题是【波卡之DAO: 开放的链上治理基础设施】,本次我们邀请到的嘉宾是来自 Dora Factory 生态系统负责人 Steve Ngok。

 

以下是AMA的内容整理

 

小琬:首先简单介绍一下您自己吧,您之前都和波卡生态有哪些交流?

 

Steve:大家好~!我是 Steve Ngok (Twitter ID @DAONgok)。

 

我和 Eric Nobita、Penny Wang 是 Dora Factory 和 DoraHacks 的合伙人。很高兴来到琬点聊与大家一起分享我们的项目 Dora Factory!

 

我是 Dora Factory 的生态系统负责人。Eric 是我们的首席架构师。Penny 是我们的运营负责人。

 

除此之外,我们还是 DoraHacks 和 DoraHacks Ventures 的创始团队与合伙人。

 

DoraHacks 是全球极客社区,DoraHacks Ventures 是 DoraHacks 的战投与孵化基金。

 

DoraHacks Ventures 是一家种子基金初创公司加速器,旨在发掘和培育令人兴奋的黑客松后黑客项目。

 

在介绍Dora Factory之前,我们要先讲讲DoraHacks。

 

我们自 2014 年开始孵化 DoraHacks 社区,一直到 17 年,逐步将其发展成为最大的开发者和极客社区。2018 年,我们在全球 8 个国家,15 个城市组织了 31 个区块链黑客马拉松,成为了全球最大的区块链开发者社区之一。

 

2019 年,我们在北京举办了中国历史上最大的黑客马拉松大赛,“第四次工业革命黑客马拉松”,有 500 多名顶级开发者参加了此次活动。

 

黑客马拉松是DoraHacks社区的灵魂。DoraHacks以前的黑客马拉松和黑客活动中,我们遇到过最早期的Matic,Acala,Phala,Darwinia,ChainX,Bandot,Manta,xDefi,Apron Network和Zenlink的诞生。在波卡生态初期的时候,DoraHacks就在以开发者社区的身份陪伴这些项目早期成长。

 

2020年12月,我们举办了当年全球唯一一场波卡黑客马拉松,当时在杭州。这场活动也让我们体验了波卡国库申请的完整流程,领略到了波卡链上治理流程的丝滑程度。

 

我们团队在波卡比较早期的时候也开始研究Substrate和波卡的技术底层。我们的确在这个过程中看到了Substrate相较于以太坊底层的技术优越性。后面我们会进行更详细的介绍。这也是我们发起Dora Factory这个波卡链上治理DAO基础设施的初衷。

 

 

小琬:如何理解Dao的治理?我们可以从哪些维度和框架来分析?

 

Steve:大家想必都听说过 DAO。

 

DAO 是所有组织的未来形式。我们可以想到许多 DAO 的例子-开源开发者团队,DeFi 协议社区治理,公链开发者社区,DAO 形式的风险投资组织等等。它们都可以是 DAO,也有很多已经是 DAO。在未来,更多的机构可以以 DAO 组织形式存在。例如非营利组织,加密艺术家团体,大型活动组织,业余爱好者团体,去中心化媒体等。

 

任何需要链上治理的组织或团体都可以是DAO,都可以使用Dora Factory的底层和核心链上治理模块,其中许多在未来都可能成为无比炫酷的组织:

 

1. 资助开源量子计算开发的基金

2. 某公链的开发者社区

3. 某 DeFi 项目的社区治理主体

4.  任何开源项目的贡献者的自治组织

5. 某去中心化的风险投资组织,投资多个区块链项目(现在很多了

6. 某利用 DAO 来管理部分团队的跨国企业、政府部门

7. 探索新想法的各种兴趣小组

8. 黑客松和活动组织者用于管理资金

9. 加密艺术家的行业协会

10. 直接由观众资助建立的去中心化媒体

 

那,这些组织需要哪些DAO机制呢?拿投票举个例子:

 

简单多数投票(simple majority voting)

二次方投票(quadratic voting)

集体代表制(collective leadership)

直接投票 (directly democracy)

代议制投票(representative democracy)

流民主投票(liquid democracy)

福塔奇(Futarchy)

 

对我们来说,DAO 不仅仅是投票机器。DAO 应该是一组完整的、丰富的链上治理方案。为此,我们可以搭建一个开放的基础设施,所有的 DAO 可以自由地、即插即用地调用治理功能,这就是我们所说的 DAO 即服务基础设施。(DAO-as-a-Service)

 

Substrate 为我们提供了一种独特的底层架构,让我们可以为链上治理协议构建开放平台。

 

以太坊上的 DAO 平台大多是投票机器,因此它们无法满足当下 DAO 的许多需求。

 

借助 Substrate,我们可以构建 DAO 即服务的基础设施,在这个基础设施上使用 DORA 来赋能这个基础设施并激励开发人员,并且让调用不同治理模块和功能的 DAO 实现随时随地可插拔地调用这些强大的功能。

 

Dora Factory 提供了一个大游乐场,让所有组织可以轻松创建 DAO,并准备了大量的酷炫链上治理功能,可满足 DAO 们在治理,筹款,协作,管理等方面的关键需求。

 

 

 

小琬:波卡Dao生态现在发展到哪一步了?下一步会往哪方面发展?

 

Steve:波卡生态整体都还处于极早期的状态,DAO赛道的项目就更是少之又少,有产品的项目应该一只手可以数完。

 

随着Kusama和波卡主网上线,会有更多波卡大生态与小生态需要DAO治理的具体功能和模块。

 

Dora Factory 提供了一个大游乐场,让所有组织可以轻松创建 DAO,并准备了大量的酷炫链上治理功能,可满足 DAO 们在治理,筹款,协作,管理等方面的关键需求。

 

我们相信 DoraHacks 和 HackerLink 充满活力的全球开发者社区将帮助 Dora Factory 成长为一个繁荣的生态系统。我们会孵化大量的优质链上治理工具和产品,并在 DAO 的众多相关领域提供必要且优质的服务。

 

小琬:我们知道Dora Factory是基于Substrate的,可编程的,DAO即服务开放基础设施。那么Dora Factory 是由哪几部分组成的?各部分起到了什么作用?

 

Steve:我们很多的产品会在以太坊/BSC上部署,不过在过去的一段时间里,随着我们对Substrate的了解日渐深入,我们确实看到了一些波卡的技术优势。

 

Dora Factory 由波卡工厂(Polkadot factory)、以太坊工厂(Ethereum factory),和一座虚拟网桥(virtual bridge)三部分组成。

 

在波卡上,DAO 通过增添链上治理模块「Pallet」实现治理功能;在以太坊上,DAO 通过逐一部署智能合约实现。Dora Factory 允许开发者提交自主开发的组件和工厂合约。

 

波卡主网功能完全实现后,资产将非常容易在各条波卡平行链上移动,Dora Factory 的 DAO 组织能从所有波卡平行链上管理各自的代币。这也意味着,所有波卡创业项目都可以使用 Dora Factory 来管理他们的 DAO 组织。

 

基于以下理由,Dora Factory 将在波卡上开发一条平行链:

1. 跨链的 DAO 资产管理

2. 共享波卡网络带来的安全性

3. 核心功能的模块化开发(Pallets 组件)

 

Dora Factory 默认提供以下底层功能和模块:

1. 创建 DAO 组织

2. 发布 DAO 组织

3. 跨链资产的金库

4. 质押、税收与奖金系统

5. 支付

6. 协议层治理

 

在底层基础设施之上,你尽可以想象形形色色的应用层链上治理模块「Pallet」。任何人或团队都可以开发他们。

 

这是Dora Factory大游乐场式的开放基础设施的设计初衷。

 

 

 

 

小琬:据我们所知,Dora Factory的投票机制是二次方投票机制,能否讲一下当初为什么要选用这个机制?

 

Steve:二次方投票是激进市场中的重要概念,是对传统投票机制中的一人一票和一块钱一票的改进。

 

在二次方投票中,投票成本是线性上升的,比如第一票的成本是一块钱,第二票的成本就是两块钱,那么总体来说投票成本为票数的一个二次方函数。

 

我们的二次方投票是最新的治理模块,私以为,我们是最懂二次方投票机制&产品设计的团队之一。

 

我们在BSC Grant1中使用二次方投票,让BNB的持币用户为BSC最新生态项目投票支持。最终吸引了80万美金的社区捐赠,他们被分配给了108个BSC生态新项目。有1万多个地址参与到了本次线上Grant的投票环节中。

 

这是一次大规模的链上治理活动,一个开发者生态的大派对!

 

我们在北京与币安智能链合作的黑客马拉松中也使用了二次方投票,5000多位社区用户为19个项目投出了1万多票。

 

大赛奖金池本来只有1万多美元,但是社区投出了8万美元。

 

变成了一个奖金池接近10万美元的线下黑客马拉松。

 

所以在Dora Factory的网络中,我们与我们的社区开发者会不断的设计新的DAO治理模块供不同的治理场景使用,到用户这边,应该是可以直接体验这些工具和他们被应用到的玩法中的。

 

比如二次方投票,链上联合曲线开源开发者捐赠,福塔奇Futarchy,这些都是我们研究和工程的方向。

 

小琬:相比其他的波卡Dao治理基础服务设施,你们亮点是什么?

 

Steve:大概是Dora Factory有产品也有用户。

 

向我们刚刚提到,我们的拳头产品 Hackerlink 上,我们正在与币安智能链,火币生态链HECO,OKExChain,Kusama,Polkadot,ETC,Filecoin,Avalanche,the Graph和Solana等合作伙伴就二次方投票与黑客马拉松等开发者社区建设活动展开合作。

 

在过去的一个月中,有几万人参与过Dora Factory的二次方投票社区治理中。

 

我们也会在DAO领域输出更多的新鲜观点,最近我们在研究的方向有女巫攻击、共谋、福塔奇(Futarchy)等等,我们会把这些最新研究观点分享到DAOrayaki,我们孵化的去中心化媒体上。

 

 

小琬:我们知道近期将有一个新产品加入到Dora Factory产品线中,可以和我们分享一下它近况吗?你们下一步的规划是什么?

 

 

Steve:DoraHacks 的线上区块链开发者平台 HackerLink 开发了 Dora Factory 的第一批关键链上治理模块。算是我们的第一个官方前端入口。(我们是有真实产品和活跃用户的波卡生态项目哟~!)

 

HackerLink 提供了众多非常优质的开发者链上治理工具,例如二次方投票,开发者赏金,BUIDL 和线上黑客马拉松,促进全球区块链开源创业与创新。

 

HackerLink 刚刚举办了币安智能链的首次线上二次方投票社区 Grant,BSC Grant 1. 我们一共收到了 80 万美元的社区捐赠。自从本活动上线以来,不到 10 天,已有 100 多个新极客团队和开发者项目提交了该计划的申请。非常火爆的活动,非常多新项目涌现出来。

 

我们也在 Hackerlink 上支持 BSC 和 The Graph 联合举办的 BSC Grant 2。

 

我们同时正在举办火币智能链 HECO 的第一个二次方投票 Grant, HECO Grant 1。

 

在 Polkadot 波卡方面,我们从最底层开始构建基础设施,并且有许多激动人心的进展。我们的第一个 Web3 Foundation Grant 提交了。大家可以在 GitHub 上查看我们的 Grant 细节

https://github.com/w3f/Open-Grants-Program/pull/227

https://github.com/w3f/Grant-Milestone-Delivery/pull/104

 

我们还将 MolochDAO 从以太坊迁移到 Substrate,我们的 DAO 即服务基础设施将于 2021 年 6 月附近上线。(Kusama不鸽我们就不鸽)

 

在社区方面,DoraHacks 刚刚于 3 月 6 日至 7 日在北京完成了 DoraHacks 全球黑客马拉松系列中的新一场,其中有包括 Magi NFT 在内的 20 多个新的极客团队加入了我们的活动~!

 

我们还将在 4 月 10 日至 11 日在新加坡举办一次线上黑客马拉松。

 

我们的社区开发者 Goda Takeshi 在他自己开发的联合曲线募资平台 PentaLaunch 上在 3 月 19 日举办了 xDefi 的 XDEX 的IBDO首次发行。大概不到十秒就卖完了。

 

PentaLaunch 会是 Dora Factory 的在二次方投票后的第二个核心治理募资模块!

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